This form explains the risks, benefits, consequences, and alternatives to an Extraction procedure; A procedure that involves removing one or more teeth. The form also obtains the patient's consent to perform the procedure.
Informed Consent for Extractions
Facts for Consideration
An extraction involves removing one or more teeth. Depending on their condition, this may require sectioning the teeth or trimming the gum or bone tissue. If any unexpected difficulties occur during treatment, you may be referred to an oral surgeon, who is a specialist in dental surgery.
Once the tooth is extracted, you will have a space that you may want to fill with a fixed or removable appliance. Replacement of missing teeth may be necessary to prevent the drifting of adjacent and/or opposing teeth to maintain function, or for cosmetic appearance. The options of a fixed or a removable appliance will be explained to you.
As in all surgical procedures, extractions may not be perfectly safe. Since each person is unique and responds differently to surgery, the healing process may vary. No guarantees can be made.
Benefits of Extractions, NOT Limited to the Following:
The proposed treatment should help relieve your symptoms and may also enable you to proceed with further proposed treatment.
Risks of Extraction, NOT Limited to the Following:
I understand that following treatment I may experience bleeding, pain, swelling, and discomfort for several days, which may be treated with pain medication. It is possible infection can follow extraction and must be treated with antibiotics or other procedures. I will contact the office immediately if symptoms persist or worsen.
I understand that I will receive a local anesthetic and/or other medications. In rare instances, patients have a reaction to the anesthetic, which may require emergency medical attention, or find that it reduces their ability to control swallowing. This increases the chance of swallowing foreign objects during treatment. In case of swallowing or aspiration of a foreign object, a chest x-ray and examination by my medical doctor may be necessary to determine the location of the object and proper treatment.
Depending on the anesthesia and medications administered, I may need a designated driver to take me home. Rarely, temporary or permanent nerve injury can result from an injection.
I understand that all medications have the potential for accompanying risks, side effects, and drug interactions and that it's critical that I tell my dentist about all medications I am currently taking.
I understand that holding my mouth open during treatment may temporarily leave my jaw feeling stiff and sore and may make it more difficult for me to open wide for several days. However, this can occasionally be an indication of a further problem. I must notify your office if this or other concerns arise.
I understand that the necessary blood clot that forms in the socket may disintegrate or dislodge. This painful condition, called dry socket, lasts a week or more and is treated by placing a medicated dressing in the tooth socket to aid healing. To protect against developing dry socket I must not smoke, drink through a straw, rinse with water or mouthwash, chew food in that area, or disturb the socket in any way for 24 to 48 hours.
I understand that the instruments used in extracting a tooth may unavoidably chip or damage adjacent teeth, which could require further treatment to restore their appearance or function.
I understand upper teeth have roots that may extend close to the sinuses. Removing these teeth may temporarily leave a small opening into the sinuses. Antibiotics and additional treatment may be needed to prevent a sinus infection and help this opening to close.
I understand that an extraction may cause a fracture in the surrounding bone. Occasionally, the tooth to be extracted may be fused to the surrounding bone. In both situations, additional treatment is necessary. Bone fragments called "spicules" may arise at the site following extractions and are generally easily removed.
I understand that the nerves that control sensations in my teeth, gums, tongue, lips, and chin run through my jaw. Depending on the tooth to be extracted (particularly lower teeth or third molars), occasionally it may be impossible to avoid touching, moving, stretching, bruising, cutting or severing a nerve. This could change the normal sensations in any of these areas, causing itching, tingling or burning, or the loss of all sensation. These changes could last from several weeks to several months or in some cases, indefinitely.
Consequences if NO Treatment is Administered, NOT Limited to the Following:
I understand that if no treatment is performed, I may continue to experience symptoms, which could include pain and/or infection, deterioration of the bone surrounding my teeth, changes to my bite, discomfort in my jaw joint, and possibly the premature loss of other teeth.
Alternative Treatments if Extractions Is NOT the Only Solution, NOT Limited to the Following:
I understand that depending on my diagnosis, alternatives to extractions may exist which involved other disciplines in dentistry. I asked my dentist about them and their respective costs. My questions have been answered to my satisfaction regarding the procedures and their risks, benefits, and costs.
No guarantee or assurance has been given to me by anyone that the proposed treatment or surgery will cure or improve the condition(s) listed above.
[x] I consent to the extraction of my tooth as described above.
Please Sign Here (Patient)
[x] I attest that I have discussed the risks, benefits, consequences, and alternatives to extractions with the patient who had the opportunity to ask questions, and I believe my patient understands what has been explained.
Please Sign Here (Dentist)
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